From the last decade, there has been substantial growth in sales of wood pellets used in small heating systems, especially in Europe. Pellet fuel is a green and cost-effective option for home heating. It is a biomass commodity made of green materials, typically wood waste that is recycled.
Pellet fuel is often used in large institutions such as schools and prisons. The supply of oxygen can be well regulated, meaning the pellet stove and boiler get extremely effective and low emission burn. As they are so effective pellet stoves, they make little ash and people can surely see the difference when their sweeping chimney is cleaned.
Wood pellet systems are becoming more and more popular among end users, because of many advantages, including low running costs, comparatively low device installation price per home, smoke-free living, etc.
What are the Uses of Wood Pellets?
- Home heating, heat supply: They can be used in furnace and pellet heating. Wood pellets are easy to store, transport, and use. Wooden pallets are very flexible and can also be found in different domestic uses.
- Industrial boiler fuels: Wood pellets works as an alternative to coal and natural gas in commercial boilers. They usually have no sulfur or nitrogen content and are carbon neutral. The cost and emissions of traditional fuels are high. Wood pellets are neutral in terms of carbon and do not have a significant volume of nitrogen or sulfur.
- Thermal and gasification power generation: To produce thermal energy and generate gasification power, wood pellets are used. It has a high value for heat and low emissions of pollutants.
- Patio heaters, fire pits, and pizza ovens: The fire pit or the patio heater is one of the most popular uses for pellets. They operate as well as with a biomass boiler, which creates loads of heating and small cleaning ash in the morning.
Advantages of Wood Pellets
- Wood pellets are produced from renewable materials such as wood shavings and sawdust.
- Compared to natural gas or fossil oil, wood pellets are relatively cheaper.
- They are small, clean, and uniform in size, which makes them easier to use in stoves and boilers
- High consumer convenience, simple operation, and cleanliness are renowned for wood pellets central heating. Ignition, check, boiler cleaning, and cleaning are carried out almost automatically. What the customer has to do remains to clear the ash box once or twice a day.
- Because of their high burning efficiency and fuel density, pellet stoves have relatively low particular emissions. Which makes them environment friendly.
- The extremely low emissions are a decisive advantage of wood pellet heating. Dry petrol, the electronic combustion air regulator, and the hot combustion chamber ensure optimal and clean combustion.
- Wood pellets save space for slack piling and treatment costs by generating a small number of ash residues. Wood pellet ash is a high-quality renewable, recyclable potash fertilizer.
- They are also suitable for additional heating between the seasons. These are excellent value-for-money.
- The application of wood pellets not only gives substantial environmental benefits and direct economic benefit to consumers but also creates a safe potential demand for fuel-producing, manufacturing, installing, and serving domestic businesses.
Europe Wood Pellets Heating Systems Sales Growth Insights
This technology offers several advantages for the atmosphere, comfort and protection, and in terms of energy consumption. Wood Pellets are an excellent way to go on the transfer of electricity. The high heating efficiency of wooden pellet systems is ~5kW of wood pellets. Wood pellet thermal systems have a high environmental level after the quantity of carbon dioxide emitted during the combustion process is equal to the quantity consumed during trees’ development. The demand for wood pellet heating systems in Europe is increasing through high energy production and economic efficiency.
Rising prices for fossil fuels and natural gas are encouraging customers to focus on cost-effective wood pellet heating systems. This industry is anticipated to lead to half of the EU’s 20% green energy goal soon. Countries like Italy and France are also slowly switching to wood pellets heating systems. Wood pellets have been subsidized as renewable energy in many countries by governments.
Disadvantages of Wood Pellets
- Wood pellet stoves vary in prices from $1,700 and $3,000 and typically require the extra costs to be taken into account. They are primarily manufactured in colder climates which means a person has to pay extra costs by buying a stove from an approved distributor close to where he or she lives.
- Boilers need more space than gas or oil boilers since they are typically larger. They will need plenty of room to store the petrol, like a hopper or wood store.
- However, since the pellets are made from processed wood, they typically cost much more than firewood.
- While most modern boilers have self-cleaning systems, the heat exchanger often needs to be brushed to ensure the maximum level of working skill. Ash containers must therefore be vacuumed periodically.
- Another drawback of the pellet ovens is that it takes power to feed pellets into the oven and run fans to send warm air. The stove cannot power the automatic ignition mechanism, the pellet feed, fan, and electronic controller without electricity.
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Due to the increasing number of power plants in the world, the industry for wood pellets for power generation is growing at a significant pace. Governments in some countries also extent incentives and discounts to households using wood pellets for heating applications. Policies implemented in Europe, encouraging the use of environment-friendly fuel, which is derived from renewable sources will aid increasing spending on wood pellets.