Contraception is a mechanism or device used to prevent pregnancy, it is also known as birth and fertility control. These have been used since prehistoric times, but reliable and secure ways of birth control have only become accessible in the twentieth century. The most efficient types of contraceptives are tubal ligation in females, vasectomy in males, injectable birth control, and intrauterine devices.
Contraceptives are gaining popularity as more and more people are becoming aware of the importance of having safe intercourse and preventing unwanted pregnancies. This is due to a rise in understanding of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and the efficacy of condoms to prevent diseases such as HIV.
What are the benefits of using contraceptives?
The usage of contraceptives has several advantages. Some of them are mentioned below.
- Planning a family
Contraceptives can be used to decide when women want to have kids and how many children does a family wants to have. This involves the option of:
When they desire of starting to have children, what age difference do they want their kids to have among themselves and also the moment when they want to stop having any children further.
Under the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights, this is everyone’s right. Postponing or scaling off babies helps women and men to pursue career and life aspirations that could be disrupted by having children. This helps women and enhances their desire to make more money. With smaller families, parents can invest and focus more on a child.
- Lowering risks related to pregnancy
Young women are particularly at risk of having complications during pregnancy. Contraception helps them to defer getting pregnant until their bodies are completely capable of supporting pregnancy. Pregnancy can also be prevented for older women who are at risk of anything related to pregnancy. Contraceptive use decreases the necessity for abortion by avoiding unintended pregnancy.
- Reducing pregnancy among teenagers
Contraceptive use also decreases pregnancy among adolescents. Young people should avoid unintended pregnancies which can have a detrimental effect on their goals and relationships.
Pregnancy at an early age could also trigger a baby’s health issues. Teen-born babies are prone to be underweight before and at birth and at greater risk of neonatal mortality, that is the baby’s death within twenty-eight days.
How do hormonal contraceptives work?
Women get pregnant when the sperm fertilizes an egg produced from the ovary. The fertilized egg is attached to the lining of the uterus, known as womb where it grows into a fetus. Hormones in your system govern the ovarian release of the egg-called ovulation-and help your body to receive the fertilized egg.
Hormonal contraceptives, for example, a patch tablet or a vaginal ring consists of progestin and estrogen hormones, which are human-made. These hormones block the body’s hormones to avoid pregnancy in different ways. Hormonal contraception normally prevents the body from ovulation. They also alter the cervical mucus to make it harder for the sperm to get past the cervix and locate an egg.
Research and Development by Leading Companies to Aid Expansion
The industry is very competitive due to the existence of several firms. Most businesses are pursuing strategic measures, such as investment in R&D to create new products and to stay ahead of the competition.
For instance, TherapeuticsMD and Afaxys, Inc., Inc. made a contract to expand their accessibility to Annovera in the U.S. national health service, in February 2020.
In July 2020, Nurx—a women’s health digital business formed a partnership with Therapeutics. Inc. to increase its access to Annovera.
Heavy investment by major manufacturers in the corporatization of successful contraceptives that are reversible in the long-term has raised the interest in these items.
What are the side effects of using contraceptive pills?
- Headaches and migraines
Hormones in birth control pills can increase or cause the severity of migraines and headaches.
Alterations in estrogen and progesterone of women’s sex hormones can cause migraines. Side effects can depend on the form and how strong the pill is. For instance, low-dose drugs are less likely to trigger this condition.
- Weight Gain
Birth control pills frequently mention weight gain as a potential side effect, but the study has not yet verified this. Theoretically, contraceptive pills may lead to a rise in fluid retention or water weight. They may also contribute to a rise in fat or mass of muscle mass.
- Changes in mood
Hormones are involved in the emotions and moods of an individual. Changes in the hormone levels could be caused by taking pills and can impact the mood of an individual. Research indicates a connection between depression and hormonal contraception.
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The demand for contraception is rising day by day, as more people are getting aware of the population explosion the world is facing. Government policies on sex education for people are among the key factors projected to fuel contraceptive demand in the near future. Also, technological innovations in contraceptive drugs and devices are expected to encourage contraceptive adoption among women